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Brazil Presidential Election 2018 Results and Insight

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Brazil Presidential Election 2018

A new leader will be chosen in the Brazil presidential election 2018. Who will it be?

Brazil’s political climate has been complex and challenging these last few years. Then-incumbent president Dilma Rousseff was narrowly re-elected in 2014 with 51.64 percent in the second round. She never saw out her term as she was impeached and removed from office in 2016. Since then, Michel Temer has been president, and an unpopular one at that.

With approval ratings that have by some surveys registered in the single digits, it is no wonder that Temer is stepping aside in 2018. A wide field of candidates is running to replace him and, perhaps for Brazil’s sake, give the country a fresh political start.

After the first and second rounds, you will be able to view the Brazil presidential election 2018 results here. For now, read up on the background of the campaign and who has the edge.

Brazil Presidential Election 2018: The System

Brazil elects its presidents by direct vote in two rounds, if necessary. Should any candidate receive a simple majority of the popular vote in the first round, they win the election. If not, a second round is held several weeks later as a runoff between the top two finishers.

Voting is compulsory for those between the ages of 18 and 70, but Brazilians as young as 16 are eligible to vote.

Brazil Presidential Election 2018: Presidential Candidates

Brazilian Social Democracy Party (PSDB)
Geraldo Alckmin
Former governor of the State of São Paulo
New Party (NOVO)
João Amoêdo
No prior political office
Social Liberal Party (PSL)
Jair Bolsonaro
Federal Deputy for State of Rio de Janeiro
Socialism and Liberty Party (PSOL)
Guilherme Boulos
No prior political office
Patriota (PATRI)
Cabo Daciolo
Federal Deputy for State of Rio de Janeiro
Podemos (PODE)
Álvaro Dias
Senator for Paraná
Christian Democracy (DC)
José Maria Eymael
Former Federal Deputy for State of São Paulo
Democratic Labour Party (PDT)
Ciro Gomes
Former Federal Deputy for Ceará
Free Fatherland Party (PPL)
João Vicente Goulart
Former State Deputy from Rio Grande do Sul
Workers’ Party (PT)
Fernando Haddad
Former mayor of City of São Paulo
United Socialist Workers’ Party (PSTU)
Vera Lúcia
No prior political office
Brazilian Democratic Movement (MDB)
Henrique Meirelles
Former Minister of Finance
Sustainability Network (REDE)
Marina Silva
Former Senator for Acre

Brazil Presidential Election 2018: The Campaign

Brazil’s presidential campaign has been marked by the sharp rise of the Jair Bolsonaro candidacy. Before that, however, it might be marked with the return of Lula. The former president, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, planned to run again in 2018. His campaign, however, was terminated once the Superior Electoral Court disqualified him. Lula had been imprisoned earlier in the year, and the court then barred him from the race under the Clean Record Act. A candidate cannot seek office for eight years if they have been impeached, resigned to avoid impeachment, or convicted of criminality.

Lula’s absence from the campaign created a massive void. He led in all public opinion polls, and most likely would have won the election. Without Lula, someone has to win.

Bolsonaro, a right-wing politician, had gained traction prior to the court’s decision, though as a second-place candidate who would lose a second-round run to Lula. Once the former president was out, the PT’s poll numbers crashed and undecideds spiked to almost 30 percent. Bolsonaro became the frontrunner.

Eventually, the PT replacement candidate, Fernando Haddad, recovered much of that vote, but Bolsonaro’s first-round lead grew to a double-digit polling advantage. If the polls are to be believed, Bolsonaro and Haddad are headed for a runoff on October 28, unless Bolsonaro captures an outright majority. None of the other candidates are within striking distance.

On September 6, 2018, Jair Bolsonaro was attacked in the state of Minas Gerais during a campaign stop. He was stabbed and spent signficant campaign time in the hospital. Bolsonaro was absent from the last five presidential debates.

The potential of a Bolsonaro presidency has been met with international curiosity at best and concern at worst. Donald Trump could have an ideological companion in South America if he is elected, which would likely catch the attention of the White House. Meanwhile, The Guardian called Bolsonaro homophobic and misogynistic, while The New Yorker likened him to Trump and Filipino president Rodrigo Duterte.

Brazil Presidential Election 2018: First Round Results

There will be a second round in Brazil’s presidential election, but Jair Bolsonaro took a commanding win in the first.

2018 Brazil presidential election 1st round results

Bolsonaro came up just four percentage points short of outright election to the presidency. Fernando Haddad came in second place and will take on Bolsonaro in the second round. Almost a dozen other candidates, representing 24.68 percent of valid votes, were eliminated.

Brazil Presidential Election 2018: Second Round Results

2018 Brazil presidential election 2nd round results

Jair Bolsonaro was elected the 38th President of Brazil on October 28, 2018. He will be inaugurated on January 1, 2019. With his victory, Brazil will undertake a political move to the right.

Bolsonaro’s states carried in the runoff were as follows: Acre, Amapá, Amazonas, Distrito Federal, Espírito Santo, Goiás, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Rondônia, Roraima, Santa Catarina, São Paulo.

Fernando Haddad carried the following states: Alagoas, Bahia, Ceará, Maranhão, Pará, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Piauí, Rio Grande do Norte, Sergipe, Tocantins.

In the Chamber of Deputies, Bolsonaro’s Social Liberal Party gained 44 seats to become the second-largest in the house. The Workers Party lost 13 seats but has a plurality at 56. The biggest loser was the Brazilian Democratic Movement, outgoing president Michel Temer’s party, which lost 32 of its 66 seats.

30 parties will have seats in the 513-seat Chamber of Deputies. In the Senate, 20 parties hold seats in the 81-member chamber.

Brazil Presidential Election 2018: Links

The Brazil Superior Electoral Court (available in English and Portuguese).

O Globo (Brazilian national newspaper; only in Portuguese)

Other international elections we have tracked can be seen here.

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