Because the last one was so inconclusive, there is a need for November 2019 Spanish general election results.
In April, the people of Spain voted following the fall of the socialist PSOE government of Pedro Sanchez. That vote handed the PSOE more seats than any other party, but in the ensuing months, Sanchez was unable to form a new administration. A coalition between the PSOE and left-wing Unidas Podemos (UP) could have gotten both close to majority government, but the two sides could not reach an agreement.1 With no other option but for a grand coalition of the PSOE and PP, a second 2019 election was called.
Spanish politics has been a rollercoaster ride over the last few years, one not for the faint of heart or weak of stomach. The 10 November election was the fourth in Spain in less than four years. There have been non-confidence motions, scandals, and new parties rising and falling before they could make an impact on policy. If Spain needs stability in government, they did not find it in April, but would they find it in November 2019?
November 2019 Spanish General Election Results: Seats
With almost all votes counted, the PSOE remains the largest party in the Congress of Deputies with 120 seats. This is a drop of three from the April election.
Most of the electoral motion happened below the PSOE. The PP, the second of Spain’s traditional two ruling parties, saw a rebound to 88 seats, up 23 from April’s election in which they were decimated.
Vox made the most major strides in November 2019. The Eurosceptic right-wingers gained 28 seats to jump to 52, by far their best election result in the party’s brief history. At about 15 percent of the vote, it was in fact their best election result on any regional or national level since the party was founded.
Unidas Podemos took a slight hit in November’s poll, dropping from 42 seats to 35. Moving into fifth place in the new congress are the Republican Left of Catalonia–Sovereigntists (ERC-Sobiranistes), who lost seats but are now ahead of Ciudadanos (Cs). The latter centrists had a disastrous November election, dropping from an all-time high of 57 seats down to 10.
The remaining seats are divided among various minor parties, including other nationalist parties (Together for Catalonia and the Basque Nationalists, to name a few).
Spanish Province Map
There is a little less red on the map today than in April, with Vox placing first in Murcia and several more provinces in the northwest of Spain switching to the Partido Popular.
November 2019 Spanish General Election Results: Coalitions
If you thought that it would be hard for any party for form a coalition after the April election, the November results will not increase your confidence. Coalitions of the left and right (or, in the latters case, right and center-right) would not get close to a majority.
Were the PSOE to form a coalition, it would require the support of Catalan and Basque nationalist parties, which carries its own political dangers. That also assumes the nationalist parties would even agree to participate.
The sole two-party coalition solution is a grand coalition of the PSOE and PP. It presents an opportunity for Spain to not have another general election in the near term, even if that proposed government ultimately collapses. At 208 seats, they would be well clear of the majority requirement and political stability, even if temporary, would be on order. Would either main party agree to it? They may soon be in a position to have to ask themselves that question.
1: “Spain’s acting PM rejects latest offer for a “trial coalition” with leftist Podemos” (by Ana Marcos and Carlos E Cue, El Pais in English website, published 13 September 2019, accessed 10 November 2019)
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